Pest control is the management of unwanted animals, bacteria, fungi, parasitic plants among other organisms that interfere with human activities. Generally, pests are a nuisance and can cause damage that is not tolerable by humans, thereby prompting pest management and control.
Some common types of animal pests that invade homesteads and homes include rodents, insects, spiders, birds and microorganisms, each presenting their own sets of problems. Insects like mosquitoes and cockroaches are known to spread diseases to humans, while termites can cause property damage worth thousands of dollars. Rodents gnash furniture and chew papers (and can destroy essential documents). Some spider breeds like the black widow and brown recluse are very poisonous and can produce painful effects on human beings. Taking into account the extent of damage and harm that these pests can cause, it is crucial that they are exterminated as soon as they are discovered.
Pest control measures at home include physical removal for the case of pests such as rodents. Insecticide sprays and disinfectants are an excellent solution for insects and sterilization for the case of microorganisms. You can choose to do this by yourself, or work with a pest control service to ensure maximum efficiency.
Pest control and management
Regular inspection is the cornerstone of an effective pest management program. The routine check should concentrate in areas where pests are highly likely to hide – like the kitchen, bedroom, attics, basement and so on – and uncover any potential entry points, water sources, and food that might encourage pest issues.
Once the routine inspection reveals the weak points in your pest management program, you should take the necessary steps to address the issue before it escalates into a big problem. One of the great ways to achieve this is by conducting structural maintenance to seal any cracks and crevices that serve as entry points. By keeping the pests out physically, you get to minimize the need for chemical remedies. The same applies to maintaining cleanliness.
Identification and analysis
Knowing the pests that you are dealing with is another vital step, as it allows you to eliminate them efficiently, with minimum risk of harming people and pets in your home. Proper pest management begins with correct identification of the problematic species, followed by establishing why they are in your home the first place. It could be that they are attracted to the food or moisture accumulation, odors, crevices or that your neighbor has an infestation and they are spreading to your house (especially if you live in an apartment).
There are different types of pest treatment out there – including chemical and non-chemical control methods. You may start with IPM methods like trapping or exclusion before going all out on chemicals. If you aren’t so sure about this, it’s best to work with a professional pest control service.
Following treatment, you want to keep a keen eye to see whether the pests have been exterminated completely, or not. Doing this will ensure that your home is protected from invasion and also that you get rid of any existing pest.